In case you have not noticed a trend, I am being drawn to red hot colors and tropical foliage as the Maine winter comes in upon us. I am looking out the window now from my office with about 8″ of snow on the ground. I get the feeling that the snow might be here for a month or two, judging from the future temperature forecasts.
This would be a good time to dream about one of my favorite genera of plants, Kniphofia or “red hot pokers.” Their common name comes from the spiky, bright colored inflorescenses. The flowers can come in various, brightly hued shades of orange, red, and yellow. The first time that I saw Kniphofia was at the exit ramp of Interstate 40 West from Raleigh to the Durham Freeway in North Carolina. There, in the triangular shaped median was a mass planting of Kniphofia. I loved the colors along with the fact that it was different from the ubiquitous mass plantings of anemic daylilies that you would normally encounter along the sides of the highways.
Kniphofia are in the Asphodel family or more exactly the Xanthorrhoeaceae (if you want to impress your friends) and most are native to South Africa. Among the extremely diverse flora of South Africa, most of these plants should not be hardy in New England, but some of the red hot pokers do grow and thrive at the Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens in Boothbay, Maine. That is pretty amazing considering that Kniphofia‘s closest relative are the aloes. The major difference between the two genera being that Aloe have the fleshy leaves renown for their burn soothing abilities.
We are currently growing three different Kniphofia at CMBG. In this new year, I would like to add more of these spectacular plants to our gardens. One plant on my wish list is Kniphofia uvaria ‘Red Rocket’ PP21905. This is supposedly an improved selection of ‘Nancy’s Red.’ It was bred by Pieter Schreurs from the Netherlands. I am also planning on growing more Kniphofia northiae. We have a few plants of K. northiae growing in our Alfond Children’s Garden but I would love to add some more. This red hot poker is worth growing for the large, strap-like foliage alone.
Have you grown Kniphofia before? What are your thoughts on the plants and do you have any favorites?